Interdisciplinary Journal of Nursing and Critical Care

Research Article

Psycho-Social Factors of Children in Conflict with Law at Care Institutions in Indian Context

Susheel kumar V. Ronad, Ashok kori, Srinivas kosagi, Obanaik P, R.M. Timmapur, Kiran Kumar T, Sushma C

Correspondence Address :

Susheel kumar V Ronad
Department of Psychiatric Nursing
Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences
India
Email: susheelronad@gmail.com

Received on: June 18, 2017, Accepted on: August 18, 2017, Published on: August 23, 2017

Citation: Susheelkumar V. Ronad, Ashok kori, Srinivas kosagi, Obanaik P, R.M. Timmapur, Kiran Kumar T, Sushma C (2017). Psycho-Social Factors of Children in Conflict with Law at Care Institutions in Indian Context

Copyright: 2017 Susheel kumar V Ronad, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Introduction: India has 1.21 billion populations, of which children constitute about 38 to 40% of total population (Ministry of Statistics and program implementation, Govt of India, 2012). Children legal issues need to be focused in order to provide care and protection of children. To understand various psycho-social factors of children in conflict with law, Social workers responsibility is magnificent. Juvenile delinquency is one of the social problem and few recent incidents occurred in India highlight the necessity of the in-depth work with this population. Children who had committed crimes shall face trail and they will be in Child Home till the completion of such cases.
Methodology: The study followed web based literature survey (secondary data) using PubMed, Ebsco, Psyinfo, Government websites, etc. by using key words such as children, Juvenile Delinquency, psycho-social issues, intervention like on. The researcher found about 80 studies which discussed on various aspects of children with conflict with law. The reviewer had chosen important studies for the review purpose.
Results and discussion: The juvenile justice act 2015 (care and protection) came into force to strengthen and for protection of children. With or without intention children may involve in legal issues, thereafter such children will be produced before child welfare committee or juvenile justice board. Psychiatric Nursing personal focuses on psychosocial factors which contributed children to involve in such kind of acts. Review shows that psychosocial factors like lack of parenting style, poor social support, financial problem, peer pressure, lack of supervision in school, environmental issues, marital problems, broken home, poor academic performance, substance use in the family and other factors may contribute for children to involve in legal issues. According to National Crime Records report (NCRB report 2015) children have been apprehended in theft cases, robbery, murder, attempt to murder, kidnapping, offense against state, acid attack, grievous hurt, cheating and in other cases. Various psychosocial interventions have been tried and tested with these populations and psychiatric nursing personal need to use them effectively.