Methods: Research studies published during 2006-2017 concerning isolation and identification of NTM in Greece for the period 2000-2017 are taken into consideration. NTM status in Greece was compared with relative recent studies worldwide.
Results: In Crete, the most frequently isolated species was M. gordonae (30.3%), followed by M. fortuitum (25.0%) during 2000-2004. When another research work in Crete for the period 2000-2009 was taken into consideration, M. gordonae again was the most frequently isolated NTM species (16.9%) but now M. lentiflavum (14.1%) has become the second most frequently isolated species. In Thessaly, M. gordonae was also predominant (31.0%), followed by M. fortuitum (35.6%) during 2004-2006. The study in Athens, for the period 2007-2013, showed that M. lentiflavum (33.6%) was now predominant, followed by M. gordonae (13.9%). Lastly, in Larissa, M. fortuitum was predominant (30.8%), and M. gordonae (22.7%) was still dominant among isolated NTM species that were isolated during 2003-2013. Worthy to notice that 4.9% of the isolated NTM in Athens study was not identified while the corresponding percentage in Larissa study was 23.0%. Only one systematic study concerning drug treatment of NTM isolated in Greece was carried out during 2000-2017.
Keywords: Non-tuberculous mycobacteria, Epidemiology, Pulmonary disease, Nontuberculous mycobacteria antibiotic susceptibility, Greece