Open Access Journal of Public Health

Research Article

Gastrointestinal Helminth Parasites of the Parachanna Obscura from Epe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria

Adegbehingbe KO, Umezurike ET

Correspondence Address :

Umezurike Emeka
Department of Microbiology
Lead City University No.1 Otudeko Drive Toll Gate Area
Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Tel: +2348135939991
Email: umezurikee@yahoo.com

Received on: May 09, 2018, Accepted on: May 21, 2018, Published on: May 28, 2018

Citation: Adegbehingbe KO, Umezurike Emeka (2018). Gastrointestinal Helminth Parasites of the Parachanna Obscura from Epe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria

Copyright: 2018 Umezurike Emeka, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Parachanna obscura, the African snakehead fish, were randomly selected and subjected to parasitologic investigations. A total of one hundred and fifty were monthly obtained over a period of six months. Helminth infections was observed to have a prevalence of 17.3% which accounts for twenty six of the specimens to be infected with gastrointestinal helminth parasites. Parachanna obscura harboured two nematodes, Procamallanus sp (Spirocamallanus) and Contracaecum sp and a trematode, Clinostomum metacercaria.
A sum total of twenty six helminths was recovered from the fish. The male specimens recorded a lower rate of infection (8,7%) than the females ( which recorded a prevalence of 31%. The overall worm burden were low and independent of sex and size of the fish. Results from this study buttress the point earlier suspected by the researchers that this snake head fish which is quite popular and regularly eaten in this area of Nigeria is a serious potential health hazard if not well taken care of. Food and delicacies prepared without adequate processing has the potential of infecting consumers with helminthiasis and thereby constituting serious health risk.

Keywords: Parachanna Obscura, Epe, Helminth, metacercariae, Lagoon.