Emmanuel O. Chukwu, Eunice B. Dare,
Adelekan D.A, Josephine Ogbonna
Emmanuel O. Chukwu
School of Nursing Mkar
Anemia is a major public health problem but mostly ignored in developing and developed countries. In developing countries, it serves as a primary cause for 40% of maternal death either directly or indirectly. During adolescence anemia is more prevalent in both sexes due to growth spurt especially in girls where they are exposed to risk of onset of menarche. The specific objectives of this project work are to determine the prevalence of anemia among adolescents, estimate the dietary iron intake of adolescents by food frequency questionnaire and to assess the relationship between dietary intake and prevalence of anemia. 140 students within the age 10-19 years were selected from Salawu Abiola Comprehensive High School, four classes were chosen and 35 students from each of the four classes were selected using simple random sampling method and 60 students were selected from FUNAAB using two colleges Colanim and Colplant, two departments were selected from each of the colleges. Students within age 16-19 years who are in 100level were selected using simple random sampling method. Food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary iron intake and PCV test was done for 40 students, 20 students from Salawu Abiola Comprehensive High School and 20 from FUNAAB, pallor of palm and conjunctiva was also checked in both schools. The result of the PCV test showed that 45% of FUNAAB respondents are moderately anemic while 55% are normal and among Salawu Abiola High School respondents, 30% are severely anemic, 55% are moderately anemic while 15% are normal. From the result obtained, it is concluded that dietary iron intake is inadequate among the respondents and parents occupation and income affects adolescent dietary intake. It is recommended that adolescents should consume more of iron rich diet and proper feeding allowance should be given to adolescents to enable them afford foods containing these micronutrients. There is also need for appropriate public health dissemination of information on the importance of micronutrient in the prevention of iron deficiency anaemia and food containing these micronutrients.
Keywords: Assessment, Iron Intake, Prevalence, Anemia