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Dental Journals | Dentistry Journals | Oral Health | High Impact Articles | Scient Open Access
Journal of Dental and Oral Health


Research Article

The Correlation between DMFT and OHI-S Index among 10-15 Years Old Children in Kosova

Luljeta Ferizi Shabani, Agim Begzati, Fatmir Dragidella, Vale Hysenaj Hoxha, Vlore Hysenaj Cakolli, Blerta Bruci

Correspondence Address :

Luljeta Ferizi Shabani
Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry
University Dental Clinical Center of Kosovo
Address: Rr. e Spitalit PN 10000 Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo
Tel: +381 38 500 600 ext: 2230

Received on: May 25, 2015, Accepted on: May 31, 2015, Published on: June 12, 2015

Citation: Shabani LF, Begzati A, Dragidella F, Hoxha VH, Cakolli VH, et al. (2015). The Correlation between DMFT and OHI-S Index among 10-15 Years Old Children in Kosova

Copyright: 2015 Luljeta Ferizi Shabani. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • Abstract

Introduction: The DMFT and OHI-S indexes are two of the most important quantitative factors, measuring tooth health and oral hygiene.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between DMFT and OHI-S indexes in 10-15 years old children treated at the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosova - Pediatric Dentistry Clinic.
Methods: The study has been carried out during 2 years period (2013-2014) on 695 children (51.7% females and 48.3% males), ages 10-15 years from urban and rural areas, included in this cross-sectional study.
Childrens oral health status was evaluated using the WHO caries diagnostic criteria for Decayed, Missing and Filled teeth (DMFT), and simplified oral hygiene index by Green-Vermilion (OHI-S).

Results: The findings of our study demonstrated that children aged 10-15-year-old living in the urban areas had higher prevalence of caries than those in rural areas. The average and standard deviation of DMFT in children from urban areas was 2.8 and 2.1, respectively the average and standard deviation of DMFT was 2.4 and 1.7, for children from rural areas. OHI-S index, on the other hand, showed an average 1.4.

Conclusion: Based on the result of the t-test, the correlation coefficient was r= 0.70. We have concluded that there is a strong correlation between DMFT and OHI-S index in children 10-15 years old, and they had high caries prevalence. Preventive approach and measures are recommended for children due to higher caries prevalence, related to their diet and poor oral health maintenance.