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Journal of Dental and Oral Health

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Research Article

To Assess the Values of Gonial & Antegonial Angle on Panoramic Radiograph and their Role in the Gender Determination

Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Singh Kahlon, Ramandeep S. Narang, Shilpa Gupta, Khushbinder, Kirandeep Kaur, Shiny Singh and Pavleen Kaur

Correspondence Address :

Balwinder Singh
Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology
SGRD Institute of Dental Sciences & Research
Amritsar, Punjab
India
Tel: +91-9988220039
Email: dr.balwindersingh@rediffmail.com

Received on: June 27, 2016, Accepted on: July 14, 2016, Published on: July 20, 2016

Citation: Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Singh Kahlon, Ramandeep S. Narang, et al. (2016). To Assess the Values of Gonial & Antegonial Angle on Panoramic Radiograph and their Role in the Gender Determination

Copyright: Balwinder Singh, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • Abstract

Abstract
Objective: To assess the values of gonial & antegonial angle on panoramic radiographs and assess their role in the gender determination. 
Materials & Method: A study was carried out on 400 selected panoramic radiographs (200 males and 200 females). Gonial angle and antegonial angle were recorded and their predictability for the gender assessment was done. Statistical analysis of Student's t-test, Man-Whitney test and ROC curve were used. 
Results: There was significant difference in mean values of antegonial angle between males and females. . The ROC curve suggested that both the right and left antegonial angle have 73 % and 69% predictability respectively in gender determination. No statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) was found in gonial angle between males and females.
Conclusion: The antegonial region values are influenced by gender and have potential to be the used as forensic tool in gender determination.