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Journal of Prevention & Treatment of HIV/AIDS

Aabstract


Research Article

HIV/AIDS Risk for Young Female Petty Traders at Car Parks

Yahya Muhammed Bah

Correspondence Address :

Yahya Muhammed Bah
University of The Gambia
School of Arts and Sciences
Brikama Campus
The Gambia
West Africa
Email: yahyamuhammed@yahoo.co.uk

Received on: July 06, 2017, Accepted on: August 07, 2017, Published on: August 17, 2017

Citation: Yahya Muhammed Bah (2017). HIV/AIDS Risk for Young Female Petty Traders at Car Parks

Copyright: 2017 Yahya Muhammed Bah. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • Abstract

Abstract
Though the HVI/AIDS prevalence rate in The Gambia is one of the lowest in the subregion, the disease has always been a concern to the government, non-governmental organizations, professionals, families, communities, development partners, etc. Over the decade a number of studies have been conducted in the areas of the disease mode of transmission, prevention, impacts, etc. However, there is none on the disease and themobile population. The young female petty traders (i.e. young females who are engage in a small scale business that involves the sale of small inexpensive items by carrying them on the head) In the car parks are assumed to be at high risk of infection due to numerous factors including their contact with highly mobile populations. The purpose of this study was to examine their risk of infection by long-distance drivers. Due to the sensitivity of the topic, only twenty were willing to participate. The study was mainly centered on six fundamental areas namely; level of knowledge of the disease, perception toward the disease, level of knowledge of the causes and mode of transmission of the disease, level of knowledge of the preventive methods, level of knowledge of the disease management and treatment methods, and petty traders relationship with long-distance drivers. Because of limited resources and participants' reluctance to participate during first contact, the study took approximately seven months. Culturally sensitive questionnaires were used to collect the data from the participants in three key car parks. The data (i.e. descriptive statistics) was presented and analyzed using tables and percentage. The results among others revealed that there is high level of awareness of the disease. However, there is a mixed attitude toward the disease, the most worrisome being some participants seeing it as a punishment from God to the victims. Despite the majority being concern about being positive, they disassociated themselves with the seeking of medical treatment in case of being infected because of the fear of stigma. The issue of herbalist being able to treat the disease was highlighted.
Keywords: Petty traders, Long-distance drivers, HIV/AIDS, Risk, Long-distance