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Diabetes Journals | Clinical Diabetes | Endocrinology Articles | Scient Open Access
Journal of Global Diabetes & Clinical Metabolism


Research Article

Chronological Sedentary Growth is Associated with Arterial Hypertension but not with High Glycaemia in Sub-Saharan African Rural Area

Awa Ba-Diop, Mor Diaw, Rhonda Belue, Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Abdou Khadir Sow, Aissatou Seck-Diop, Salimata Diagne Houndjo, Maimouna Toure, Ndeye Fatou Ngom-Gueye, Ousseynou Ka, Papa Ibrahima Ndiaye, Papa Ndiaye, Fatou Bintou Sar, Priscilla Duboz, Abdoulaye Ba, Abdoulaye Samb, Gilles Boetsch and Lamine Gueye

Correspondence Address :

Laboratoire de Physiologie et Explorations Fonctionnelles. Faculte de Medecine
de Pharmacie et d'Odontologie. Universite Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar

Received on: December 07, 2017, Accepted on: December 24, 2017, Published on: January 10, 2018

Citation: Awa Ba-Diop, Mor Diaw, Rhonda Belue, et al. (2018). Chronological Sedentary Growth is Associated with Arterial Hypertension but not with High Glycaemia in Sub-Saharan African Rural Area

Copyright: 2018 Awa Ba -Diop, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • Abstract

Background: Long regarded as Western diseases, diabetes and hypertension are becoming a serious threat to public health in developing countries and particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa [SSA]. However, there is few or no door-to-door study of cardiovascular disease [CVD] in SSA rural areas and particularly in Senegalese areas. Our aim was to determine the rate of CVD risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity in rural Senegal and study mechanisms of occurrence of these cardio-vascular complications.
Methods: Our study population included 207 adults, from the general population of a rural area in Ferlo located in the north-east of Senegal [Widou Thiengoli]. They were divided in four groups classified by age: 20 to 34 years [G1], 35 to 49 years [G2], 50 to 64 years [G3] over 65 years [G4]. Anthropometrics, biochemical and cardiovascular parameters were conducted in our study population.
Results: Comparison of the data for hypertension, diabetes and sedentary between different groups showed that the arterial hypertension increased significantly with age [27.2%, 36.7%, 65.9% and 84.8% in G1, G2, G3 and G4 respectively]. Diabetes or glycaemia was significantly [p<0.05] frequent in G3 followed by G2 compared to others groups. Sedentary behaviour increased proportionally with age and a significant difference [p<0.05] was found for all comparison between groups.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that the arterial hypertension phenomenon could be a real health problem in sub-Saharan Africa rural areas particularly in elderly population and these phenomena are related to advanced age through sedentary.

Keywords: Arterial hypertension, Sedentary, Rural area, West africa