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Journal of Integrative Pediatric Healthcare: Open Access

Aabstract


Research Article

Gymnastics Training Improves Executive and Sensorimotor Functions in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran, Hojat Allah Amini, Zahra Salman, Ehsan Zareiyan

Correspondence Address :

Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran
Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior
University of Tehran
Tehran, Iran
Email: jfazzel@ut.ac.ir

Received on: December 29, 2017, Accepted on: February 09, 2018, Published on: February 17, 2018

Citation: Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran, Hojat Allah Amini, Zahra Salman, Ehsan Zareiyan (2018). Gymnastics Training Improves Executive and Sensorimotor Functions in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

Copyright: 2018 Jamal Fazel Kalkhoran, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • Abstract

Abstract
Developmental Coordination Disorders occurs when development of motor skills has delay, or coordinated movement problems appears. Performance of children with impaired daily activities that require motor coordination is lower than expected by age and intelligence level, and that is not due to physical and psychological illness. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of gymnastics trainings on executive and sensory - motor functions in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder from 8 to 10 years old in Tehran.
Materials and Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental study. Among all patients, 34 children 8-10 years old with Developmental Coordination Disorder in Tehran, that was visited by occupational therapy and rehabilitation clinic in Tehran, available and targeted to selected and randomly divided in two experimental (n=19) and control (n=15) groups. Research tools for screening were Raven intelligence test and the Developmental Coordination Disorder questionnaire. Also, Conner nerves - psychological questionnaire was used to assess dependent variables. Then, the experimental group received an eightweek program for gymnastics locomotor intervention. Statistical analysis was performed by using MANCOVA at significance level P ≤ 0.05 by the SPSS16 software help.
Findings: Significant differences observed between control and experimental groups in all executive variables (F = 492.454ᵃ, P < = 0.05) and sensory - motor (F = 285.683ᵃ, P < = 0.05) functions.
Conclusions: The results showed that gymnastics trainings can improve executive and sensory - motor functions in children with Developmental Coordination Disorder. Therefore, it's recommended that nurseries and schools using gymnastic trainings can help to reduce the Developmental Coordination Disorder in children.

Keywords: Developmental Coordination Disorder, Executive functions, Sensory - motor functions, Gymnastics