Knowledge and Perception of Accidental Falls in Pregnancy among Women of Child-Bearing Age in Southwest Nigeria
AWOLEKE Jacob Olumuyiwa,
OLOFINBIYI Babatunde Ajayi, AWOLEKE
Adeola Olabisi and OMOYAJOWO
Correspondence Address :
Awoleke J. O
State University Teaching Hospital
Tele: 0806 328 9272
Received on: March 16, 2019, Accepted on: March 27, 2019, Published on: April 02, 2019
Citation: AWOLEKE Jacob Olumuyiwa, OLOFINBIYI Babatunde Ajayi, AWOLEKE Adeola Olabisi and OMOYAJOWO Adefunke Christianah
(2019). Knowledge and Perception of Accidental Falls in Pregnancy among Women of Child-Bearing Age in Southwest Nigeria.
Copyright: 2019 AWOLEKE Jacob Olumuyiwa et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Accidental falls occur commonly during pregnancy. Evidence has shown that awareness and risk perception can influence prevention of health risks, including falls, during pregnancy. However, there are no fall risk assessment and prevention guidelines in Nigeria. A self-reported survey of 745 women from four public health facilities in Ado - Ekiti was employed to obtain information about knowledge and perception of maternal fall risk.
Fall rate was 26%, and its occurrence was predicted by the women's perception of their risk of falling (adjusted odds ratio: 0.395; 95% C. I. 0.19 - 0.81; p = 0.017). The perception of the women about accidental maternal falls was significantly poorer amongst the women who were rural-dwellers (χ2 = 10.26; p = 0.001), unskilled workers (χ2 = 22.48; p < 0.001), had no more than a secondary education (χ2 = 29.95; p < 0.001), and were in the lower- and middle-socioeconomic classes (III - V) (χ2 = 24.22; p < 0.001). The women's knowledge of accidental falls during pregnancy was predicted by their occupation (χ2 = 13.68; p = 0.03) and socioeconomic class (χ2 = 20.38; p = 0.01). Fall awareness campaigns using effective risk communication models that can shape maternal perception of their fall risks should be promoted in women's clinics.