Diongue M, Diallo A.I, Bassoum O, Sougou M, Tine A.D2, Leye MMM, Faye A, Seck I and Dia A
Correspondence Address :
Development and Health Institute (ISED/DHI)/(UCAD/ CADU) Dakar,
Senegal, Tel: (221) 77 650 30 00
Received on: November 21, 2021, Accepted on: November 29, 2021, Published on: December 21, 2021
Citation: Diongue M , Diallo A.I, Bassoum O, et al. (2021) Study of Factors Associated with the Open Defecation (OD) in Dakar semi-urban Area in Senegal
Copyright: Copyright: © 2021 Diongue M et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Introduction: Open defecation remains a major problem of environmental health around the world, impacting almost one billion, which many sub-Saharan African countries are confronted with. This study sets out to examine the factors linked to the practice of open defecation (OD) within the semi-urban area of Dakar in Senegal.
Method: It is about an analytical and transversal study, carried out in June 2018 among households situated in the health districts of Mbao, Keur Massar and Guédiawaye. A twostage stratified random sampling had been performed and data entered on tablets using CS Pro software and descriptive analysis and regression performed with R 3.4.4 software.
Results: A total of 533 households were surveyed. Heads of household had an average age of 52.6 years + - 13.8, were male in 59.8%, married in 78.8%, and uneducated in 15.2%. The majority of households (54%) consisted of more than 10 people. Regarding sanitation, three households did not have toilets and 23% of shared households shared their toilets.
The prevalence of open defecation (OD) at least once during the year was estimated at 17.0%, including 2% who practiced it every day. The factors linked to the practice of open defecation (OD) were the non-drinkability of water (ORaj = 2.57 [1.56-4.13]), the characteristic of housing with a home floor not made of ceramic tiles (ORaj = 1.93 [1.18-3.14]) and toilet cleaning less than seven times per week (ORaj = 3.43 [1.42-8.28]).
Conclusion: Eliminating open defecation will mean improving access to safe drinking water, improving housing characteristics and regular toilet maintenance.
Keywords: Water, Hygiene, Sanitation, Open defecation, Semi-urban