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Journal of Primary Health Care & General Practice

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Research Article

Study of Factors Associated with the Open Defecation (OD) in Dakar semi-urban Area in Senegal

Diongue M, Diallo A.I, Bassoum O, Sougou M, Tine A.D2, Leye MMM, Faye A, Seck I and Dia A

Correspondence Address :

Mayassine DIONGUE
Development and Health Institute (ISED/DHI)/(UCAD/ CADU) Dakar,
Senegal, Tel: (221) 77 650 30 00

Received on: November 21, 2021, Accepted on: November 29, 2021, Published on: December 21, 2021

Citation: Diongue M , Diallo A.I, Bassoum O, et al. (2021) Study of Factors Associated with the Open Defecation (OD) in Dakar semi-urban Area in Senegal

Copyright: Copyright: © 2021 Diongue M et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

  • Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: Open defecation remains a major problem of environmental health around the world, impacting almost one billion, which many sub-Saharan African countries are confronted with. This study sets out to examine the factors linked to the practice of open defecation (OD) within the semi-urban area of Dakar in Senegal.

Method: It is about an analytical and transversal study, carried out in June 2018 among households situated in the health districts of Mbao, Keur Massar and Guédiawaye. A twostage stratified random sampling had been performed and data entered on tablets using CS Pro software and descriptive analysis and regression performed with R 3.4.4 software.

Results: A total of 533 households were surveyed. Heads of household had an average age of 52.6 years + - 13.8, were male in 59.8%, married in 78.8%, and uneducated in 15.2%. The majority of households (54%) consisted of more than 10 people. Regarding sanitation, three households did not have toilets and 23% of shared households shared their toilets.
The prevalence of open defecation (OD) at least once during the year was estimated at 17.0%, including 2% who practiced it every day. The factors linked to the practice of open defecation (OD) were the non-drinkability of water (ORaj = 2.57 [1.56-4.13]), the characteristic of housing with a home floor not made of ceramic tiles (ORaj = 1.93 [1.18-3.14]) and toilet cleaning less than seven times per week (ORaj = 3.43 [1.42-8.28]).

Conclusion: Eliminating open defecation will mean improving access to safe drinking water, improving housing characteristics and regular toilet maintenance.

Keywords: Water, Hygiene, Sanitation, Open defecation, Semi-urban