Hicham Wazaren, Abdelmalick Idrissa, Jaafar Rhissassi
Correspondence Address :
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery A of Ibn Sina University Hospital Center
Received on: June 14, 2023, Accepted on: June 21, 2023, Published on: June 26, 2023
Citation: Hicham Wazaren, Abdelmalick Idrissa, Jaafar Rhissassi (2023). Superior Vena Cava Laceration in Closed Chest Trauma: A Case Report
Copyright: 2023 Hicham Wazaren, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The intra-pericardial rupture of the superior vena cava due to blunt thoracic trauma is a rare and life-threatening situation. It has to be searched for signs of cardiac tamponade; with blunt chest trauma history. We report the case of a superior vena cava laceration caused by a road traffic accident in a 32 year old patient. We focus on the need for urgent thoracic surgical exploration in all patients whose condition is unstable in the setting of blunt chest trauma.
Cardiovascular trauma involves a large number of lesions of a variable nature, of which tamponade is the most common complication . A distinction is made between closed trauma which can cause damage to the heart and large vessels, including the chest aorta, and penetrating chest trauma which exposes the risk of cardiac injury . Injuries to the great vessels are frequently associated with severe blunt chest trauma, mostly in high-speed deceleration. Traumatic laceration of the superior vena cava is rare and often fatal.
Keywords: Blunt trauma, Laceration, Tamponade, Superior vena cava