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Journal of Integrative Pediatric Healthcare: Open Access


Research Article

Level of Knowledge towards Essential Newborn Care and its Determinants among recently Delivered Women, North Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Yeshiwork Eshetu, Demeke Assefa, Kebebush Zepre and Asegedech Wondimu

Correspondence Address :

Kebebush Zepre
Department of Public Health
College of Medicine and Health Science
Wolkite University, Wolkite

Received on: May 26, 2023, Accepted on: July 03, 2023, Published on: July 07, 2023

Citation: Eshetu Y, Assefa D, Zepre K, Wondimu A (2023). Level of Knowledge towards Essential Newborn Care and its Determinants among recently Delivered Women, North Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. A Community Based Cross-sectional study.

Copyright: 2023, Kebebush Zepre, et al. Ricke. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

  • Abstract


Objective: This study’s objective is to evaluate the level of mothers’ knowledge on Essential newborn care and related aspects in North Shewa zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia.
Method: Between February and March 2019, a cross-sectional community based study was carried out. While opinion leaders, medical professionals, programmers, and elderly women in the community participated in in-depth interviews, data were gathered from 386 randomly chosen women through interviews. Data entry and analysis were done using EPI-info version 3.5.3 and SPSS version 21. For the purpose of evaluating potential associations, logistic regression analysis was used.
Result: The study participants knew a lot about the essential newborn care in 46.4% of cases. Women with poor literacy rates (adjusted odd ratio [AOR=0.153, 95% confidence interval (CI)=(0.052-0.445)], women, had lower knowledge of essential newborn care. Women with household incomes of less than or equal to 2350 ETB [AOR=0.311, 95% (CI)=(0.113-0.858)] and women whose first antenatal care(ANC) appointment is at sixteen weeks or more gestation [AOR=0.535, 95% (CI)=0.311-0.921]. Additionally supporting the survey’s findings in many ways is the qualitative data.
Conclusion and recommendation
In Fiche Town, it was discovered that illiterate women, those who had their first ANC appointment at sixteen weeks or later, and those whose household income was less than or equal to 2350 ETB had relatively low knowledge of essential newborn care (ENBC). Stakeholders should place a priority on enhancing women’s educational opportunities and income generation, which will in turn aid to enhance their health-seeking behavior and level of familiarity with essential newborn care.

Keywords: Mothers, Knowledge, Essential Newborn Care, Community, Oromia region